Fraulem Damasio Damasio itibaren Tucupita, Venezuela
Modern Batı felsefesinin tamamı aslında Rene Descartes'a bir yanıttır. 1637'de Descartes ünlü "cogito ergo sum" ifadesini yaptı: Bence varım. Kötü bir bilim adamı tarafından aldatılan veya Matrix'te hapsolmuş bir teknede bir beyin olabilirim. Dış dünya ve hatta kendi bedenim bile olmayabilir. Kendi varlığım dışında her şeyden şüphe edebilirim, çünkü şüphe için burada olmalıyım! Şaşırtıcı bir şekilde, o zamandan beri hiç kimse dış dünyanın varlığı için tamamen hava geçirmez bir durum ortaya koymadı. Bu oldukça akademik gelebilir, ancak felsefenin her dalı için sonuçları vardır ve hiçbiri etik ve ahlaktan başka bir şey değildir. Modern Batı felsefesinde etik ve ahlak üzerine bir vurgu yaparak çarpışma kursuna katılmak istiyorsanız, bu iyi bir başlangıç olacaktır. Bu kitap meslekten olmayanlar için yazılmıştır ve hatırı sayılır bir mizahla. Bu incelemeyi bitirmek için bu klasik şakadan daha iyi bir yol var: Descartes bir bara girer. Barmen Descartes'a her zamanki içkisini isteyip istemediğini sorar. Descartes "Sanmıyorum" yanıtını verir ve hemen kaybolur. Bütün gece burada olacağım. Dana eti deneyin.
I do like where the story lines are going, and I like the broad allusions to armed struggles, both in the ancient past and the unfortunate present. However, I didn't really like the guest artists. It really did make it feel like they were different stories, didn't feel integrated.
It is the year 1806, and in the city of York a group of learned gentlemen gather once a month to read to each other papers and essays they have written about the history of English magic. The study of magic is a gentleman's pursuit in this England, and to be perfectly frank it is a rather weighty, academic, and often downright dull theoretical sort of study -- there is no real practical magic to speak of in England, and there has not been for several centuries, if indeed there ever was. But the society of dabbling gentlemen-magicians is suddenly rocked by the appearance of an elderly gentleman named Mr Gilbert Norrell, who has been studying magic for years and who suddenly shows his true power by performing a remarkable feat of real, unquestionable magic. As the magic craze sweeps through England, Mr Norrell becomes an instant celebrity, and even ends up taking on a bright and able pupil: the young, well-bred Jonathan Strange. Strange and Norrell are soon called on by the government to use magic against Napoleon in the wars on the Continent, and for a time the two are a formidable if apparently ill-matched team. But the magic in England is more wild, unpredictable, and dangerous than all the scholarly volumes would suggest, and Strange and Norrell have very little idea that in reviving the practice of English magic, they may well be reviving a magic that is beyond their comprehension...and, once it fully awakens, perhaps beyond their power to control. Susannah Clarke's book is a bit like reading a combined Gothic horror-mystery, Regency comedy of manners, and literary research essay. Clarke sprinkles a number of fascinating footnotes ('academic' and non-academic) generously into the text, hinting at a much larger body of 'research' and cross-referencing with the important texts of the world she's created. In one sense, it gives the impression that her story is part of a much more expansive story that has had to be compressed for the sake of fitting it into a novel. Her characters and character types are certainly familiar to those who've read the Brontes or Austen or the early works of Dickens, but they're far from being stock characters or stereotypes. The world-building in Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell feels plausible, quite possibly able to appeal to those who don't normally read fantasy or supernatural stories -- in some ways, the academic nature of the text does much to make the fantasy elements all the more plausible. One thing that should be mentioned about the book is the fact that it takes quite a while to get into the story proper. The first 400 pages or so really have more to do with scene-setting and world-building than with the crucial twists and turns of the plot. The plots are set up and set in motion along the way, of course, but Clarke almost seems to let them meander along and wander in different directions until they're actually needed -- it reminded me, in some ways, of that children's game where you have to keep a hoop rolling along the ground by thwacking it with a stick every so often. I also believe that I described it to a friend as a story where the plot seems to be a pattern of sharp but ever-narrowing zig-zags that come together at a point, rather than as a handful of threads that are gradually pulled together. Once I looked at it in that light, the length of the plot didn't trouble me. So with that in mind, I think that it's easier to read Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell by accepting the story's pace and not trying to second-guess what the plot turns will be. Not everyone likes to read that way, of course -- but there's no real harm in starting the book only to find that it's not to your liking.